Smriti in Yoga Meditatie

KORTE UITLEG SMRITI

Smriti = een van de vijf soorten van gedachten of vrittis; er zijn vijf verschillende bewegingen in het mindveld en een daarvan is smriti (volgens yogasutra 1.6)
 
Smriti = bewegingen in de mind van “herinneringen; terughalen van indrukken uit het verleden”
 
5 verschillende gedachten: pramana, viparyaya, vikalpa, nidra, smriti
 
Smriti = is ook een onderdeel van het systematisch vijf-voudig pad in yogasutra 1.20. Hier wordt smriti gebruikt als konstante herinnering van de weg, haar doel, en betekent het konstant bewustzijn of mindfulness van de weg en haar innerlijke reis.
 
Vijf-voudig pad: shraddha, virya, smriti, samadhi, prajna
 

 
GA TERUG NAAR DE LIJST: “Wat is …?”


 
OP DEZE PAGINA:
SMRITI: PRAKTISCH
MEER OVER SMRITI
YOGA SUTRAS OVER SMRITI
SWAMI RAMA OVER SMRITI
SWAMI JNANESHVARA ON SMRITI
ANDERE TEKSTEN SMRITI


 

SMRITI: PRAKTISCH

(Moet nog vertaald worden)
Observing smriti as one of the vrittis
We want to understand the meaning of smriti, but not merely by knowing its definition; we want to be able to observe it in our daily life. Thus choose for a day or a week to be aware of this movement of mind, called smriti, as you go through activities, situations, and conversations. Observe how smriti relates to actions, thoughts, and speech. You want to find your own examples of smriti, so that you have direct knowledge of this concept of smriti.
 
One way to start is to catch a thought, any thought… since there are only 5 kinds of thoughts, five kinds of vrittis, this thought has to be one of these five. Is this a thought a memory (smriti)? If it is not smriti; then find out by using buddhi, which of the other four kinds of thoughts it is. Examples of smriti are that you run into an old friend and from the back of the mind you witness the name coming forward, this is smriti. For a test on school you remember the subject, this is smriti. Anything that is stored within chitta and is recollected is smriti, it is not based on perceptions that come from the senses.
 
Smriti as mindfulness
When you want to observer smriti as it is used in the five-fold path of the yogasutra 1.20, you first understand how it relates to the other concepts of the five-fold path. It starts with shraddha; which means to stand firm on the faith you have in the path you are walking and its goal. Maybe you do know exactly where it is going but you know enough to pursue it, you ‘believe’ that what you are doing is bringing you closer to what you want. This faith is not merely blind faith, that you took on because others told you so, but is based on direct experiences that happened in the past plus it is guided by your own intuition coming from within, together they form the faith (shraddha) to pursue the path. Virya is the energy you put into your practice, into your walking on the path, your determination. Thus if there is faith, it can be made stronger when you put your energy behind it. This energy or virya will be the strength and power that makes you walk the path; to pursue your beliefs. This energy or power can be made stronger if it works together with smriti. Thus smriti is mentioned third, it stands on shraddha and virya. To cultivate smriti means that you want to become aware of every moment and use it mindfully so that it benefits your path; it means to cultivate constant awareness of the goal and the practice of smriti will bring mindfulness to each moment. How do you observe smriti, by doing it! Every time you think of being mindful is a moment in which you are mindful, use it wisely!
 
Internal dialogue about smriti
To have access to your data-base it very useful, to be able to recollect right knowledge in service for others is something we can cultivate. You can ask your mind why is sometimes does not remember things, how it is that the mind seems to forget things. Ask your mind how to improve your memory. You can ask how the kleshas influences smriti. Because the more you are living in a state of vairagya (non-attachment), the less ragas and dveshas (and other kleshas) your mind-field has; the more you will be able to perceive things as they are, and not through colored glasses through which perception is altered. Which means you will also have greater access to the whole of the mind, and this will influence smriti.
 
Also you can ask your mind to be more mindful. You can ask your mind to be aware of the path you are walking and to use every moment to pursue the path. When you learn to talk to your mind, the mind will become a great friend that can help you on the path. Then the mind starts to help you to become mindful, isn’t that great!

 

| top |

DAGELIJKSE OBSERVATIES EN ZELF-ASSESSMENT

Uiteindelijk, als smriti een onderdeel wordt van constante zelf-bewustzijn/gewaarwording, zwerft het continue rond in je bewustzijn. Het gewaarworden van smriti heeft het effect dat je steeds meer het woord smriti gebruikt in je dagelijkse vocubalaire om jezelf te verduidelijken, te uiten en dan zul je ook ontdekken hoe smriti zich verhoudt tot andere concepten, processen en inzichten. Bijvoorbeeld, je kunt in gaan zien dat smriti is gerelateerd aan sattva, of je vindt een connectie tussen buddhi en smriti. Uiteindelijk ontdek je hoe al deze concepten samen dansen en door deze de dans te kennen, te leren, leidt het je naar dat wat voorbij alle concepten ligt. Dit komt doordat als je je zelf-bewustzijn vergroot, je ontdekt dat alles wat je kan observeren niet is wie je werkelijk bent, je bent niet smriti, maar je bent diegene die in staat is om al deze concepten te zien, te observeren. Daarom moet je zelfs voorbij smriti gaan, omdat wie je echt bent achter smriti ligt. Dit verhoogt de ongehechtheid naar smriti zelf, terwijl je vol ontzag bent voor de schoonheid van de schitterende dans van Bewustzijn wat lijkt te spelen als smriti, dat zich lijkt voor te doen als smriti. Daarom is het beoefenen van zelf-bewustwording eigenlijk het beoefenen van ongehechtheid, waardoor het ware Zelf zich uiteindelijk onthult.
 
Kijk naar het Engelse PDF self-assessment (assessment-yymmdd.pdf) en het Engelse PDF waarin de dagelijkse doelen en dagelijks observaties staan (sumseven-yymmdd.pdf) op de website www.abhyasaashram.org (als je op deze webpage bent, scroll dan helemaal naar beneden om PDF’s te downloaden.) Deze PDF’s kunnen worden gebruikt als hulpmiddelen om je begrip van en over smriti te onderzoeken en verdiepen.

 

| top |

MEER OVER SMRITI

(Moet nog vertaald worden)
Sruti – Smriti
You may encounter the word smriti when it is used in combination with the word sruti. Then it is good to know that here they use the word smriti in relation to texts that came from human beings, from words that were remembered. Sruti texts are made of words that came from the Non-dual Consciousness itself and were revealed or heard by human being in deep meditation or contemplation, but do not belong to any particular human being.
 
Cultivate smriti and pramana
If we start to understand the difference between the five kinds of vrittis and are able to recognize them while they are active, we can easily see that pramana is the most useful vritti to cultivate, instead of keep adding on viparyaya. A good recall of memories (smriti) when it comes to working-knowledge is also useful, provided that these memories are based or pramana; right perception and knowledge.
 
Is smriti always uncolored?
There is a difference between memory or mere memory, one is colored, the other is un-colored. When memories are colored they are called samskaras, when they bubble up from the unconscious mind they have a disturbance quality to them as they bubble up as active desires, therefore they can be fulfilled or unfulfilled and lead to emotions. It is these memories that come up during our meditation time. We could also see these memories as vikalpa, as fantasies, because these memories (which we also could label as smriti) have nothing to do with who we really are, we are the Self, pure Consciousness, Atman. When incoming sensory impressions are being stored without attachment (raga or dvesha), when they are perceived as neutral, they can still come forward as mere memory; as data, or facts that are remembered and are useful in the daily activities. Also they will not cause us any problem during meditation as neutral mere memories don’t come up during meditation (only colored samskaras come up). You could say that this is smriti. So memory as smriti can be both colored and uncolored… To make this contemplation complete, it is fair to argue that anything remembered is colored, because it has at least the coloring of avidya and asmita, as you think that this memory has something to do with me and the world I am living in, which is all but a play of maya. Then it is fair to argue that everything it vikalpa. So to not lose the beautiful practical application of these five vrittis, it is useful to know when something came for the memory bank, when something is a memory, and thus is called smriti.

 

| top |

YOGASUTRAS OVER SMRITI

1.6 De vijf soorten gedachtepatronen om te observeren zijn: 1) correct weten (pramana), 2) incorrect weten (viparyaya), 3) fantasie of verbeelding (vikalpa), 4) het object van leegte, wat diepe slaap is (nidra) en 5) herinnering of geheugen (smritti).
pramana viparyaya vikalpa nidra smritayah

ENGELS: lees meer op www.swamij.com
NEDERLANDS: bekijk de woord-voor-woord vertaling van deze sutra
 

1.11 Herinnering of geheugen (smriti) is een mentale beweging die veroorzaakt wordt door het intern reproduceren van een voorgaande impressie van een object, maar zonder enige toevoeging van andere kenmerken uit diverse bronnen.
anubhuta vishaya asampramoshah smritih

ENGELS: lees meer op www.swamij.com
NEDERLANDS: bekijk de woord-voor-woord vertaling van deze sutra
 

1.20 Anderen volgen een vijfvoudig systematisch pad van 1) trouw zijn aan en zekerheid in het pad, 2) richten van wilskracht en energie naar de practices, 3) herhaaldelijk herinneren van het pad en het proces van het verstillen van de mind, 4) trainen van diepe concentratie, en 5) het streven naar ware kennis, waarmee de hogere samadhi (asamprajnata samadhi) wordt bereikt.
shraddha virya smriti samadhi prajna purvakah itaresham

ENGELS: lees meer op www.swamij.com
NEDERLANDS: bekijk de woord-voor-woord vertaling van deze sutra
 

1.43 Als het geheugen of de opslagplek van de modificaties van de mind gezuiverd is, dan lijkt het alsof de mind ontbloot is van de eigen aard en dat alleen het object waarop gecontempleerd wordt lijkt te stralen; deze diepe belangstelling—geheel opgaan in, absorptie—staat bekend als nirvitarka samapattih.
smriti pari-shuddhau svarupa-shunya iva artha-matra nirbhasa nirvitarka

ENGELS: lees meer op www.swamij.com
NEDERLANDS: bekijk de woord-voor-woord vertaling van deze sutra
 

4.9 Since memory (smriti) and the deep habit patterns (samskaras) are the same in appearance, there is an unbroken continuity in the playing out of those traits, even though there might be a gap in location, time, or state of life.
jati desha kala vyavahitanam api anantaryam smriti samskarayoh eka rupatvat

ENGELS: lees meer op www.swamij.com
NEDERLANDS: bekijk de woord-voor-woord vertaling van deze sutra
 

4.21 If one mind were illumined by another, as its master, then there would be an endless and absurd progression of cognitions, as well as confusion.
chitta antara drishye buddhi-buddheh atiprasangah smriti sankarah cha

ENGELS: lees meer op www.swamij.com
NEDERLANDS: bekijk de woord-voor-woord vertaling van deze sutra

 

| top |

SWAMI RAMA OVER SMRITI

”Smriti means “memory”. You should understand the process of memory and how you remember. First, you see something. Through the contact of that particular object and your sense of sight you receive a sensation; you see it. The object that is touched by your sight gives you a sensation and that sensation goes through your optic nerve to your brain. When your conscious mind received it, then it filters down to your unconscious to the bed of memory from where you can recall it. When I see you after some time I remember that I have seen you before because the impression was stored in the unconscious mind. All thought forms are like that in the unconscious. If I want to recall a sensation, and I know how to recall it from the bed of memory, I can tell you exactly that you were sitting on a certain da, at a certain time, in a certain row, wearing certain clothes, in a particular position.”
 
Memory can be categorized as helpful and unhelpful. Memory should also be controlled. If your memory is not under your control, it will not help you when you need it.
 
Memory means “interest”. When you lose interest in something you forget it. Your mind is so preoccupied that you have forgotten what you wanted to do now. You should learn not to be preoccupied. If you learn to let go, then your mind will not remain preoccupied and you will have control over your memory. You have to learn how to organize your mind. Anything you want to do you can do in a better way by understanding how your mind is functioning and how to use your mind in the best way.
 
Memory is different from recollection. When I want to recall you, I can recall you from my unconscious. Recollection of thought is remembering, not memory. To know means to just allow yourself to know, to allow your memory to flow to your conscious mind. There are many ways of improving your memory. If memory has come under your control, you will never forget. Whenever you want to recall the stored impressions you can. There is a process for strengthening memory – a simple exercise that I will teach you. There is also a different method that is visualization.”
~ Samadhi blz. 155
 
Counting exercise for improving memory
“Lie down in shavasana, the corpse posture. Make sure that you are comfortable. Withdraw your awareness from the external world. Relax from head to toe and from toe to head with the help of deep breathing. Then count from one to one thousand and then from on thousand back to one. The day you can go up to one thousands and come back from one thousand to one without being influenced by sleep, you will have attained something. This is a tested exercise. If you do not have enough time, you can lie down and do it up to a hundred.”
~ Samadhi blz. 234

 

| top |

SWAMI JNANESHVARA OVER SMRITI

Lees het hele artikel “Witnessing” op www.swamij.com
With the same thought pattern, we may note that, “This thought arose from memory (Smriti). Shall I act on this, or let it go?”
In our meditation, we might have a time of streams of thoughts coming and going, but not distracting us. We come to see that this is the meaning of streams of thoughts, or memories (Smriti) rising and falling in the lake of mind while we remain non-attached. We also may see how this whole process relates to chitta, and the four functions of mind.

 

| top |

ANDERE TEKSTEN OVER SMRITI

Vivekachoodamini, Adi Shankaracharya
Translated by Swami Madhavananda, Published by Advaita Ashram, Kolkatta
331. He who identifies himself with the objective universe which has been denied by hundreds of Shrutis, Smritis and reasonings, experiences misery after misery, like a thief, for he does something forbidden.
 
Panchadasi, Sri Vidyaranya Swami
Translated by Swami Swahananda and Published by Sri Ramakrishna Math, Chennai (Translation under Fair Use, and believed to be in the public domain.)
7.109. Thus both Shruti and Smriti enjoin constant concentration of the mind on the Self to remove the erroneous conviction concerning the Self and the world.
 
11.10. Thus many texts in the Shruti, Smritis and Puranas declare that the knowledge of Brahman destroys all sorrows and leads to bliss.

 

GA TERUG NAAR DE LIJST: “Wat is …?”

| top |


Yoga Meditatie, Contemplatie en Devotie voor Zelf-realisatie

Deze site is een offer aan allen die een diep verlangen hebben om dat Pure Bewustzijn dat aanwezig is in al de drie staten van Waken, Dromen, en Diepe Slaap direct te ervaren, dit Puur Bewustzijn is ook wel bekend als Divine Mother (Goddelijke Moeder) of Tripura (‘Tri’ betekent drie en ‘pura’ betekent stad); want Ze is degene die in de drie steden van Waken, Dromen en Diepe Slaap woont. Deze drie steden/staten tijdelijk achterwegen laten en verblijven in Puur Bewustzijn wordt Zelf-realisatie genoemd. Een andere naam voor Zelf-realisatie is Yoga; de vereeniging van de individuele zelf met de Universele Zelf; de vereeniging van Atman met Brahman; of Shiva met Shakti; of het scheiden van Prakriti en Purusha. Sommige zullen misschien denken dat Tripura een antropomorfisch wezen is, maar dat is Ze niet, Ze is de Non-dualistische Realiteit waarin alle oogschijnlijke manifestatie lijkt te bestaan. Alles wat er is, is de Non-dualistische Realiteit.
 
De teachings van Yoga, Vedanta, en Sri Vidya Tantra worden op deze website aangeboden om je te begeleiden in het leren rechtstreeks te kunnen mediteren op Tripura door gebruik te maken van moderne communicatie middelen, zoals via animaties, terwijl de eeuwenoude wijsheid wordt behouden. Een eeuwenoude lijn van meditatie meesters, die we liefdevol “de Traditie van de meesters uit de Himalayas” noemen, heeft deze eeuwenoude wijsheid aan ons gegeven. Deze practices leiden ons naar een ruimte van stilte waarin Yoga meditatie, contemplatie, mantra en gebed samenkomen als diepe devotie en constant bewustzijn van Tripura. Gratie komt aan het einde van de reis, wanneer alle inspanningen zijn uitgeput. Dit heet shaktipata, waardoor de laatste barrière wordt verwijderd, dit is het doorboren van de bindu en leidt tot de directe ervaring van de Non-dualistische Realiteit. Dit onthult eindelijk de onvoorstelbare Vreugde die voorkomt uit het kennen van de Non-dualistische Realiteit of Puur Bewustzijn!

 

| top |